The famous lake Canada
The most dramatic differences in environmental conditions creates a contrast between the lowland East and the mountainous West of the country. Eastern Canada, wide open to the Arctic ocean, divided into numerous Islands, with deeply cut on South broad Hazanovym the Bay and is constantly subjected to a powerful Arctic air mass intrusion. As a result the tundra zone with sparse vegetation and permafrost formed on 55-57° North latitude, i.e. the latitude of Moscow. In the Central Piedmont part of the country on the same latitude are the canadian prairies and on the Pacific coast, protected by the mountain system of the Cordillera, virtually no winter, and on the mountain slopes develop tall “coastal forest” in which individual trees reach 40 to 60, and sometimes 90 m height. This is the famous sichinskaya spruce, Douglas fir, Western gemlok, etc. a Notable feature of Canada is the development of large lake-river systems. Is the Mackenzie river, carrying water into the Arctic ocean, in the pool which are situated the famous lake Great bear, Great Slave, Athabasca. The other system is the Nelson river, which flows into Hudson Bay, the basin of which includes lakes Winnipeg, Winnipegosis, Manitoba, and many others. The third system is the river St. Lawrence, carrying water into the Atlantic ocean. It includes all five Great lakes. The lakes are connected by short rivers full of rapids. One of them is the Niagara river, which connects lakes Erie and Ontario, is the famous Niagara falls, falling from 50-meter-high ledge. The Niagara river is the border between the United States and Canada. And the most beautiful part of the waterfall — “Big horseshoe” — belongs to the canadian territory. To see thousands of American tourists crossing the state border by the Friendship bridge built across the Niagara. In 1932, bypassing Niagara falls the Welland canal was built, which together with other navigation channels deep sea forms a single path, allowing ocean-going vessels to pass from the mouth of the river St. Lawrence to lake superior.
As part of a well-preserved fauna of Canada the most notable species of the musk ox. This is one of the North American endemics with limited distribution in the northernmost Islands of the Canadian Arctic archipelago. Huge animals weighing up to 300 kilograms, covered with long hair, kept in small herds, being the subject of traditional hunting of Inuit people. Several of these animals were transported and acclimatized in the Russian Arctic. Most of the other rare and valuable animals of Canada are protected in special areas. In Canada, about 40 national parks. In each of the provinces — tens of natural and historical parks, game reserves and wildlife reserves, which are widely used for recreational purposes.
In Canada’s oldest national Park “Banff” was founded in 1885. It is located on the wooded ridges East of the Rocky mountains (Alberta). The southern part of the Park are crossing the TRANS Canada highway — Railways and roads. The small town of Banff is a tourist center and resort based on hot mineral springs. An extensive network of trails and internal roads allows you to explore the most beautiful corners of the Park, enjoy the sight of majestic snow-capped mountains, take a dip in the hot springs, horseback riding to climb to mountain passes, to fish in the crystal clear mountain lakes, go down the mountain rivers by canoe, go mountain climbing or skiing and just being one on one with wild nature.
The national Park “wood Buffalo” (“an area of about 54 thousand km 2 ) is located on the border of the taiga and forest tundra, on a heavily waterlogged lowlands between lakes Athabasca and Great Slave. Practically undeveloped area serves as a safe haven surviving herd of North American bison, in other parts totally destroyed. 1925 Buffalo as a rare species strictly protected by law. Hunting is permitted only under license.
The national Park “glacier” is located to the West of the Park “Banff”, where the TRANS Canada highway cross the area of most active development of mountain glaciation. Permanently snow-capped rocky peaks, numerous glaciers, tongues descending in the intermountain valleys, and lakes mirroring the mountain landscapes are so attractive spectacle that the Park “glacier” is necessarily included in tourist routes in the Canadian Cordillera.
Dinosaur provincial Park is located in the valley of the Red deer (Alberta). Here, in the strata of sand-and-gravel loose rocks, which compose the strongly dissected by erosion (so-called Badlands or bad lands) foothills of the Cordillera, were found vast accumulations of the skeletons and bones of ancient animals. Recreated models of giant dinosaurs placed in natural landscapes of the Park that allows you to really see their shape. By UNESCO, this Park classified as World heritage sites.
National Park “Thousand Islands” is situated in the river St. Lawrence river, between the cities of Kingston and Brockville, where a river crosses the area of the Laurentian plateau, composed of ancient crystalline rocks. Past the ancient glacier created alcoholismo the surface, and river flow, filling in the lowlands, turned the hills into a picturesque archipelago of forest Islands, lying in the middle of a huge river. Below the city of Kingston across the river St. Lawrence river spanned a Grand Thousand Islands bridge, leading from Canada to the USA.
Large national parks have been established in recent years in Northern Canada. Here taken under the protection of entire natural systems, such as the glacial landscapes of the island second, the Baffin island (national Park “Auyuittuq”), the portions of the lowlands on the coast of the Arctic ocean, development of permafrost, numerous swamps and lakes, giving shelter to various species of Arctic fauna (national Park “Northern Yukon”), Northern taiga landscapes within the mountains (national Park “Nahanni”).