The topography and climate of South America determined its exceptional richness of surface and underground waters, the huge amount of runoff, the presence of flowing rivers of the world — the Amazon. Occupying 12% of the Earth’s land area South America receives about 2 times more (1643 mm) average rainfall per unit throughout the area. Full river flow is 27% of the total runoff of the Earth, the average runoff depth (58 cm) is also almost 2 times higher than the average value for the entire land. But the volume of flow fluctuates dramatically by mainland — from several mm to hundreds see Very unevenly distributed and the river between the basins of the oceans: the Pacific in 12 times less than the Atlantic basin (the watershed between them is mainly on the ridges of the Andes); in addition, about 10% of the territory Yu. a. refers to areas of internal drainage that crosses the continent from the Gulf of Guayaquil through the Central Andean plateau to the southern pampas. The river is dominated by rain feed, in the extreme South — also snow-glacial.
The higher layer of the medium annual flow 150-400 cm (up to 90% of precipitation) reaches in the South of Chile, due not only abundant Continue reading
A real gift to the residents of Biysk once gave the river Katun. Changing his direction, she left the old woman, named by the discoverers of the lake a Gunboat . According to broadcasting company the REEF, referring to associate Professor of biology and chemistry of BPGW Galina Does . this lake is unique. There are rare plants, endangered species. Such as Chillum — the water chestnuts, the Salvinia natans . which aquatic fern. It is a unique relic plants, remaining only here since prehistoric times.
In addition, you can meet rare plants listed in the Red book of the Altai territory. Including — yellow Pods . Here grew the white Lily . You can find a lot of rare plants on the shore.
Since 1961, studies of lake a gunboat was put on a scientific basis teachers then Biysk State Pedagogical Institute, are regularly checked against the results of new observations with data from previous years.
But the current preliminary results are not encouraging. The pond dies. Guess what now ordinary citizens. Continue reading
In the center of Russia located Urals Switzerland. Healthy mountain air, mild climate, clear lakes, ancient mountains, aroma of herbs, amber honey and koumiss lend the best advertising. If you want to learn all unbridled and proud temper of the Urals nature, to feel its grandeur and limitless space – go to Bashkiria.
Powerful figure Salavat Yulaev visible from afar from the window of car, train or bus. A visit to the monument usually included in the mandatory part of the program stay in the capital of Bashkortostan. The massive monument – a free embodiment of the Bashkir people. Evening and night the figure of a folk hero in the spotlight is even more impressive. The monument towers over the hallmark of Ufa – majestic and full-flowing White river. In the summer from the pier at the Friendship monument rides on the river on the boat. The cost of an adult ticket – from 200 rubles.
National Museum of Bashkortostan Republic is striking in its scope. In 33 halls of the beautiful building on Sovetskaya street you can go all day and learn a lot from the history of the Bashkir people and the personality of Salavat Yulaev.
The natural beauty of Bashkiria are so diverse that can be a source of inspiration for lovers Continue reading