Crater lake – one of the greatest creations of the sorceress nature. Most of them were formed millennia ago from rain and glacial water in natural reservoirs, formed due to volcanic eruptions. Landscape these ponds provide fantastic, therefore, it constantly attracts numerous tourists. One of such natural attractions of our planet is a beautiful crater Lake (The Crater Lake) – that is, literally, “Crater lake”, which is located in the U.S. state of Oregon.
This reservoir has an ancient history – he appeared more than 7700 years ago, after the last eruption of the mazama volcano (Mount Mazama). Over time, they formed on the site of the eruption, the Caldera is a huge depression with almost straight vertical walls and the bottom deep was filled with water and formed lake, leaving on the surface only a few small objects of volcanic origin. One – Hex island (Wizard Island), and today dominates the clear waters of the lake. All the beauty of natural attractions just a professional photographer. Continue reading
Of course, lake Quilotoa is one of the most interesting and beautiful places in South America. Hidden at the height of three thousand nine hundred meters above sea level in the Ecuadorian Andes, it fills the crater of a long extinct volcano. During the last eruption, which took place 800 years ago, lava escaped from the volcano Quilotoa, potekla to the shore of the Pacific ocean. It was then that Caldera was formed, whose diameter reaches three kilometers.
The depth of the lake in the crater reaches 250 meters. On the same day, there are fumaroles, through which from the depths of the Earth comes out of volcanic gas. On the East side of lake Quilotoa hot springs. Such conditions did crater lake and its surroundings are the habitat of rare species of animals and plants.
With the Quechua language the word “quilotoa” translates as “Royal tooth”. Although it is unclear what the Indians gave the lake its name. Perhaps because the lake surrounded by mountains looks like a huge stone bowl with a serrated edge. Interestingly, although about Quilotoa often spoken of as the emerald eye of the Andes, its color constantly changing. In bright Sunny weather, the surface water looks really blue and emerald, but in rain or storm lake becomes almost Continue reading
The Uzon volcano is situated on the South side of Kronotsky lake. Large pot or Caldera was formed about 40,000 years ago. Her education contributed to the serial explosions accompanied by eruptions. The last eruption inside the boiler took place on 8 500 years ago. After the explosion crater with a diameter of 1 km.
The volcano Uzon refers to protected objects of Kamchatskiy Krai. In the last hundred years of active hydrothermal activity of the volcano was formed by an astounding combination of volcanism and wildlife. Also this place is rich in mineral formations and mineralization.
The boiler of the volcano Uzon has a diameter of 10 km and is considered to be the biggest Caldera on the Kamchatka Peninsula. Its area is 150 km2. On this square in the thumbnail to see all that the Kamchatka region is the hot springs and mud pots are poisonous, clear lake, cold river which is teeming with fish, birch forest rich in berries, mountains, swamps, animals and birds. Continue reading