Lake Skadar or Shkodra lake (Skadarko jezero) is one of the national parks and main attractions of Montenegro. The largest lake of the Balkan Peninsula, divided between two countries Montenegro and Albania is striking in its size and the beauty of nature. Most of the lake belongs to Montenegro, which is about 2/3 of the lake. National Park Skadar lake was established in 1983.
The lake was formed by dissolving limestone in a tectonic basin, according to various studies, the formation of this lake is between creation and the due date is considered to be 65 million years ago. The lake was formerly a Bay of the Adriatic sea, but now separated by alluvial isthmus. The power of the lake is made by 6 rivers, the largest of them are the Moraca and Crnojevic. And flows in the river Bojana in Albania, in the district of shkodër. On average, the total area of the lake is 475 km2, while in dry seasons it is reduced to 390 km2, and in winter increases to 523 km2.
Of course, it’s not the biggest lake by area in Europe, but it is one of the 15 largest European lakes, occupying 13th position.
Floating on the lake, you can see the blooming white lilies huge backwaters, yellow egg capsules and whole colonies of water chestnut or shrimp (which is sometimes disrupted during the tours and give a try). Continue reading
Lakes are an invaluable embellishment of the earth’s landscapes. A distinctive feature of most of them there is a quiet expanse of water and covered with forests and grasses of the shore. Part of the lakes are navigable, many are used as natural storage of water, some fish are bred.
The lake formed as a result of flooding of the pits of sushi, called lake basin. The origin (nature) of these basins determines the type of lake. In areas of volcanic activity, water may fill the crater of an extinct volcano. This creates a volcanic lake in the Carpathian mountains, – Lipovetskoe, Blue, Sorochinskoe. On the site of the old river channel, its floodplain, can form a small lake – stranicama. Winding river washes away the banks and changed its course, the result these reservoirs, similar to sickles.
The plots, separated from the sea, form the estuary of the lake. Many such lakes on the Black sea coast, they are separated from it by sandbars (Sasyk, Tiligul).
In Ukraine, widespread floodplain lake. They were formed in stranicama depressions and river valleys. Especially many such bodies of water near the Dnieper, the Desna, Seversky Donets, southern bug.
In mountainous areas during the collapse of the stones can block the river valley, causing zahatni lake. These include Continue reading
Baikal. The amazing beauty of the lake, the unique creation of nature, crystal clear water… Probably every person in greater or lesser extent heard about the deepest lake on our planet. What do you know about Baikal?
Lake Baikal is located almost in the center of Eurasia, surrounded by high mountain ranges of the Baikal region. In length the lake stretches for 636 km, width – 80 km By area, Baikal is $ 31 470 km2. comparable to the size of Belgium (in this European country with cities and industrial centers with a population of almost 10 million people). The maximum depth of the lake – 1637 km – allow you to call Baikal the deepest in the world (average depth – 730 m). The African lake Tanganyika, which is among the deepest lakes on the planet, “behind” from lake Baikal to 200 m. of the thirty Islands is the largest island.
Baikal fill three hundred and thirty-six permanent rivers and streams, with half of the water brings the Selenga. Flows out of lake only river – Angara. To estimate the volume of lake Baikal, imagine that in ideal conditions (that will not fall and will not evaporate any drop from the surface), the Hangar, passing 60,9 km 3 of water annually, will need 387 years of continuous operation, to drain the lake! Continue reading