Mount Matterhorn located on the border between Italy and Switzerland, are roads from both countries. With the Swiss side highway padded along the Rhone, flowing to lake Geneva, and the Italian side until the mountain is easily accessible from Turin and Aosta. The mountain lifts and cable cars allow you to reach the slopes.
The Matterhorn (known in France as Mont Servan) – not the tallest, but certainly the most impressive mountain in the Alps.
Composed of hard crystalline rocks of the Matterhorn mountain with a height of about 4480 m. – a classic Carling, shaped by glacial activity during the ice ages of the last 2 million years. To its top converge four triangular faces, so difficult to climb that the most experienced climbers could not conquer them until 1865, and the southern line remained unconquered until 1931. The characteristic form of the mountain – the result of the fact that the judgments formed by glaciers, converge more and more closely until there remained only a sharp peak, known as Carling. Everest in the Himalayas were formed in a similar fashion.
Choose the Alps formed when the African tectonic plate moved northward and collided with southern Europe. This process Continue reading
Of course, lake Quilotoa is one of the most interesting and beautiful places in South America. Hidden at the height of three thousand nine hundred meters above sea level in the Ecuadorian Andes, it fills the crater of a long extinct volcano. During the last eruption, which took place 800 years ago, lava escaped from the volcano Quilotoa, potekla to the shore of the Pacific ocean. It was then that Caldera was formed, whose diameter reaches three kilometers.
The depth of the lake in the crater reaches 250 meters. On the same day, there are fumaroles, through which from the depths of the Earth comes out of volcanic gas. On the East side of lake Quilotoa hot springs. Such conditions did crater lake and its surroundings are the habitat of rare species of animals and plants.
With the Quechua language the word “quilotoa” translates as “Royal tooth”. Although it is unclear what the Indians gave the lake its name. Perhaps because the lake surrounded by mountains looks like a huge stone bowl with a serrated edge. Interestingly, although about Quilotoa often spoken of as the emerald eye of the Andes, its color constantly changing. In bright Sunny weather, the surface water looks really blue and emerald, but in rain or storm lake becomes almost Continue reading
The topography and climate of South America determined its exceptional richness of surface and underground waters, the huge amount of runoff, the presence of flowing rivers of the world — the Amazon. Occupying 12% of the Earth’s land area South America receives about 2 times more (1643 mm) average rainfall per unit throughout the area. Full river flow is 27% of the total runoff of the Earth, the average runoff depth (58 cm) is also almost 2 times higher than the average value for the entire land. But the volume of flow fluctuates dramatically by mainland — from several mm to hundreds see Very unevenly distributed and the river between the basins of the oceans: the Pacific in 12 times less than the Atlantic basin (the watershed between them is mainly on the ridges of the Andes); in addition, about 10% of the territory Yu. a. refers to areas of internal drainage that crosses the continent from the Gulf of Guayaquil through the Central Andean plateau to the southern pampas. The river is dominated by rain feed, in the extreme South — also snow-glacial.
The higher layer of the medium annual flow 150-400 cm (up to 90% of precipitation) reaches in the South of Chile, due not only abundant Continue reading