Lakes are an invaluable embellishment of the earth’s landscapes. A distinctive feature of most of them there is a quiet expanse of water and covered with forests and grasses of the shore. Part of the lakes are navigable, many are used as natural storage of water, some fish are bred.
The lake formed as a result of flooding of the pits of sushi, called lake basin. The origin (nature) of these basins determines the type of lake. In areas of volcanic activity, water may fill the crater of an extinct volcano. This creates a volcanic lake in the Carpathian mountains, – Lipovetskoe, Blue, Sorochinskoe. On the site of the old river channel, its floodplain, can form a small lake – stranicama. Winding river washes away the banks and changed its course, the result these reservoirs, similar to sickles.
The plots, separated from the sea, form the estuary of the lake. Many such lakes on the Black sea coast, they are separated from it by sandbars (Sasyk, Tiligul).
In Ukraine, widespread floodplain lake. They were formed in stranicama depressions and river valleys. Especially many such bodies of water near the Dnieper, the Desna, Seversky Donets, southern bug.
In mountainous areas during the collapse of the stones can block the river valley, causing zahatni lake. These include Continue reading