Karelia is called the land of forests and lakes. Many tourists visit the Republic every year, many Karelians themselves traveling the homeland. So North-East from the town of Pudozh is a protected area, underdeveloped, inaccessible and almost inhabited land.
In 1991, in the month of April in this region and organized the first in the Russian North national Park. An event of this kind was of great importance for all environmental Affairs of our country. The Park territory covers the Eastern part of Karelia (Pudozh district) and part of the Arkhangelsk region (Onega district) and in total occupies 5 thousand square kilometers.
Vodlozero national Park is one of the world’s largest reserves of wildlife. The Park fauna is represented by 38 species of mammals, 5 species of amphibians and reptiles and 22 species of different fish. This diversity is the result of a weak impact of human activities on nature Park for centuries. On the vast territory of the Park provides refuge for many endangered species of animals and birds. Often, there circling birds of prey, listed in the red book of Russia and Karelia, such as the white-tailed eagle, osprey and Golden eagle. Here regular meetings with brown bear, moose, lynx, marten, Wolverine, badger, muskrat, Fox and wolf. The Park is a home to wild reindeer. Continue reading
Of course, lake Quilotoa is one of the most interesting and beautiful places in South America. Hidden at the height of three thousand nine hundred meters above sea level in the Ecuadorian Andes, it fills the crater of a long extinct volcano. During the last eruption, which took place 800 years ago, lava escaped from the volcano Quilotoa, potekla to the shore of the Pacific ocean. It was then that Caldera was formed, whose diameter reaches three kilometers.
The depth of the lake in the crater reaches 250 meters. On the same day, there are fumaroles, through which from the depths of the Earth comes out of volcanic gas. On the East side of lake Quilotoa hot springs. Such conditions did crater lake and its surroundings are the habitat of rare species of animals and plants.
With the Quechua language the word “quilotoa” translates as “Royal tooth”. Although it is unclear what the Indians gave the lake its name. Perhaps because the lake surrounded by mountains looks like a huge stone bowl with a serrated edge. Interestingly, although about Quilotoa often spoken of as the emerald eye of the Andes, its color constantly changing. In bright Sunny weather, the surface water looks really blue and emerald, but in rain or storm lake becomes almost Continue reading
The expedition of scientists has completed the investigation of the case that occurred August 21, 1985. On this day over the North shores of lake Nyos in Western Cameroon held a suffocating cloud of gas that left the victims 1746. In the village of Nyos, Soboma, Cha and Fang almost did not remain of the inhabitants, killed all livestock, poultry and even insects.
Since this lake is situated in the crater of a volcano, considered dormant, many researchers, who arrived here shortly after the tragedy, suggested that the volcano came to life and ejected by the eruption of poisonous gas, passing through water, poison on everything in its path alive.
The survey, carried out by expeditions from Italy, France, Japan, Nigeria, Switzerland, the USA and the UK, found that damaged vegetation along the banks of the lake. The foliage was covered with a brown film. In some places the leaves were black and shrivelled, as from cold. The conclusion was: it is a consequence of the fact that gas emitted from the depths of the lake, extending, cooled and iced foliage. It is known that the selection of dissolved carbon dioxide CO2 is the absorption of energy and therefore causes cooling. In this case cooling could be 10 degrees. The first attempts to take chemical samples of deep water were unsuccessful: when lifting vessels Continue reading