Lakes are an invaluable embellishment of the earth’s landscapes. A distinctive feature of most of them there is a quiet expanse of water and covered with forests and grasses of the shore. Part of the lakes are navigable, many are used as natural storage of water, some fish are bred.
The lake formed as a result of flooding of the pits of sushi, called lake basin. The origin (nature) of these basins determines the type of lake. In areas of volcanic activity, water may fill the crater of an extinct volcano. This creates a volcanic lake in the Carpathian mountains, – Lipovetskoe, Blue, Sorochinskoe. On the site of the old river channel, its floodplain, can form a small lake – stranicama. Winding river washes away the banks and changed its course, the result these reservoirs, similar to sickles.
The plots, separated from the sea, form the estuary of the lake. Many such lakes on the Black sea coast, they are separated from it by sandbars (Sasyk, Tiligul).
In Ukraine, widespread floodplain lake. They were formed in stranicama depressions and river valleys. Especially many such bodies of water near the Dnieper, the Desna, Seversky Donets, southern bug.
In mountainous areas during the collapse of the stones can block the river valley, causing zahatni lake. These include Continue reading
The lake, mostly concentrated in the Northern half of North America within the boundaries of the Canadian shield and its boundary. A large group of large lake basins, formed in situ tectonic depressions, then wymaganych and in-depth glacier, located on the edge of the Canadian shield. This Huge bear lake, Great Slave, Athabasca, Winnipeg, and Winnipegosis, Forest, Nipigon and, in the end, a group of Majestic lakes . The large number of lakes resembling in their own lakes of Finland and Sweden, is located in the Laurentian mountains. In the Cordillera mountain many lakes, glacial and volcanic origin.
Lakes to Majestic huge 5 includes: Upper, Huron, Michigan, Erie and Ontario . They are associated with a little medium-sized lakes. Important of them are: St. Marys, St. Clair, Nipigon. The lakes belong to the basin of the Atlantic ocean. Stoke on the St. Lawrence river. On the formation of lake basins most influenced by tectonic processes. The weight of the glacier pushed the earth’s crust, and once the glacier melted, began leisurely working process: post-glacial rise (eng. Continue reading