Baikal. The amazing beauty of the lake, the unique creation of nature, crystal clear water… Probably every person in greater or lesser extent heard about the deepest lake on our planet. What do you know about Baikal?
Lake Baikal is located almost in the center of Eurasia, surrounded by high mountain ranges of the Baikal region. In length the lake stretches for 636 km, width – 80 km By area, Baikal is $ 31 470 km2. comparable to the size of Belgium (in this European country with cities and industrial centers with a population of almost 10 million people). The maximum depth of the lake – 1637 km – allow you to call Baikal the deepest in the world (average depth – 730 m). The African lake Tanganyika, which is among the deepest lakes on the planet, “behind” from lake Baikal to 200 m. of the thirty Islands is the largest island.
Baikal fill three hundred and thirty-six permanent rivers and streams, with half of the water brings the Selenga. Flows out of lake only river – Angara. To estimate the volume of lake Baikal, imagine that in ideal conditions (that will not fall and will not evaporate any drop from the surface), the Hangar, passing 60,9 km 3 of water annually, will need 387 years of continuous operation, to drain the lake! Continue reading
Baikal – the most beautiful lake of Russia and all Asia, and maybe around the world, the Siberians call it a sea.
The word Baikal, most likely, comes from the Turkic Bai Kul, which means “a rich lake”. Lake Baikal is the deepest lake on earth located in Eastern Siberia at a height of 456 meters above sea level. The maximum known depth m. Baikal contains more than 80% of freshwater Russia and about 20% of the world – excluding glaciers. The volume of Baikal water is about 23,000 cubic km.
The water in Baikal is very clean and clear (visibility up to 40m, by some estimates up to 70m).
If Baikal freezes in the winter? Winter in Siberia freeze all the water. Baikal freezes over completely in winter (January to April), except in the area of 15-20 km in the beginning of Angara river. The ice thickness can reach one meter in bays to two.
Baikal is nourished by 336 rivers and streams. The largest of them — the Selenga, Upper Angara, and Barguzin. From the lake flows the only river Angara, shallow (up to 4-6m high), but the deep – the width reaches 1 km per year from lake Baikal through the Angara river flows of approximately 60 cubic km of water. The Angara flows into the Yenisey and adds to his already cab water.km. of water a year, gathering on its way the same amount of water as she gave the Baikal.
In the lake lives 1550 species Continue reading