The most beautiful lake
Baikal – the most beautiful lake of Russia and all Asia, and maybe around the world, the Siberians call it a sea.
The word Baikal, most likely, comes from the Turkic Bai Kul, which means “a rich lake”. Lake Baikal is the deepest lake on earth located in Eastern Siberia at a height of 456 meters above sea level. The maximum known depth m. Baikal contains more than 80% of freshwater Russia and about 20% of the world – excluding glaciers. The volume of Baikal water is about 23,000 cubic km.
The water in Baikal is very clean and clear (visibility up to 40m, by some estimates up to 70m).
If Baikal freezes in the winter? Winter in Siberia freeze all the water. Baikal freezes over completely in winter (January to April), except in the area of 15-20 km in the beginning of Angara river. The ice thickness can reach one meter in bays to two.
Baikal is nourished by 336 rivers and streams. The largest of them — the Selenga, Upper Angara, and Barguzin. From the lake flows the only river Angara, shallow (up to 4-6m high), but the deep – the width reaches 1 km per year from lake Baikal through the Angara river flows of approximately 60 cubic km of water. The Angara flows into the Yenisey and adds to his already cab water.km. of water a year, gathering on its way the same amount of water as she gave the Baikal.
In the lake lives 1550 species and varieties of animals and 1085 species of plant organisms. The fauna in the lake is unique up to 60%, including 27 unique species of fish from 52 known in Baikal. The most famous Baikal fish – omul – up to 50% is mined illegally by poachers. The biggest fish – sturgeon (to1.8m. and up to 130 kg), and taimen up to 1 meter and weighing up to 40-50 kg.
From mammals in Baikal seal lives only, he’s a seal, mostly in the Northern part of the lake. The seal in lake Baikal 60 000 heads. Is commercial production in the first place cubs – Belkov, including poachers.
Pristine nature, clean the lake, the mountains and rivers, healing hot springs, wonderful views, delicious fish, excellent recreation in summer and winter is the Northern Baikal !
People come here to relax and enjoy the lake and the mountains in summer and winter. Peak tourist season: the second half of July, beginning of August. At this time the lake water is warm, the nature has not yet begun to fade, the weather is dry and warm.
Winter in the Northern Baikal region is a Paradise for skiers and snowboarders. However, while there is no equipped tracks, you need to walk a lot to ride through the untouched snow among wild mountains.
The most populated by tourists and prepared for their service in South Baikal. This is facilitated by easy accessibility from Irkutsk and Ulan-Ude. Here you can see the Angara, the only river flowing from Baikal.
At the mouth of the Angara Listvyanka village and its surroundings are the most popular places on Baikal. Rest here primarily to residents of nearby towns and the tourists love the South of lake Baikal. Near Listvyanka is the port Baikal, from where in summer you can on the boat to drive along the lake to the North.
To get to the island by ferry. which runs from may to December regularly, not only transports people and cars, but also buses with tourists. From June to October rayuotaet two ferries – schedule