Baikal is a unique lake in the planet
It’s amazing! But the number of Sunny days exceeds the Baikal, the Black sea resorts. In Russia in the middle of Siberia lies the amazing creation of planet Earth, lake Baikal.
Scientists estimate it was formed over twenty million years ago by tectonic movements of the surface. And yet, it is considered young. The lake area is constantly increasing, growing. Indeed, this theory finds its confirmation when you are on the lake.
The basin lies between the mountain ridges and peaks that reach two kilometers or more. The surface of the lake, ridges and atmosphere create a kind of “tunnel” through which in the course of the year to move huge masses of air becoming, at times, hurricane force winds. Fishermen do not venture into such periods and moor their boats to the shore.
Winter on lake Baikal is cold. The temperature drops to minus forty degrees. Water has so much energy that, starting to freeze in October, covered with a shell of ice only in January. During this period there are strong winds that break down and drop the ice to the shores. But gradually, the cold takes its toll and the lake calms down.
It’s amazing! But on Sunny days the lake Baikal surpasses many resorts of the Black sea. By the summer the lake relieves themselves of the shackles of ice and nature comes to life violently. With ridges running down hundreds of streams and rivers. The water becomes warmer.
Baikal and its nature form a unique nature reserve, where many species of flora and fauna are endemic, i.e. are found only here. Omul, the Baikal seal, are endemic to the lake basin. Golomyanka is a miracle fish! Her body is 45% composed of fat and so transparent that scientists have been able to read through it. Taiga is rich in its inhabitants and vegetation.
It is home to bear, elk, sable. Spruce, pine, cedar and deciduous trees fill the forest. The slopes of the mountains grow blueberries, bilberries, lingonberries.”Glorious sea, sacred Baikal…” – words from a folk song. Otherwise the locals don’t call their lake.